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St. Louis Encephalitis Summary

Description: A viral encephalitis caused by the St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), a FLAVIVIRUS. It is transmitted to humans and other vertebrates primarily by mosquitoes of the genus CULEX. The primary animal vectors are wild birds and the disorder is endemic to the midwestern and southeastern United States. Infections may be limited to an influenza-like illness or present as an ASEPTIC MENINGITIS or ENCEPHALITIS. Clinical manifestations of the encephalitic presentation may include SEIZURES, lethargy, MYOCLONUS, focal neurologic signs, COMA, and DEATH. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p750)

Also Known As: Encephalitis, St. Louis; Encephalitis, Saint Louis; Encephalitis, Viral, St. Louis; St. Louis Meningoencephalitis; Type C Lethargic Encephalitis Show All >>

Networked: 95 relevant articles (1 outcomes, 5 trials/studies) for this Disease

Key Drugs and Agents for St. Louis Encephalitis

Efficacy Chart >>
Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to treatments:
  1. Interferons : 1 outcome in 1 result : IBA
  2. Chikungunya virus infection : 1 study in 4 results : IBA
  3. Interleukin-1beta (Interleukin 1 beta) : 1 study in 1 result : IBA
  4. Interferon-alpha (Interferon Alfa) : 1 study in 1 result : FDA 2
  5. Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGF-beta) : 1 study in 1 result : IBA
  6. Cytokines : 1 study in 1 result : IBA
  7. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (Tumor Necrosis Factor) : 1 study in 1 result : IBA
  8. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) : 1 study in 1 result : IBA
  9. Antibodies : 28 results : IBA
  10. Antigens : 11 results : IBA
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Diseases Related to St. Louis Encephalitis

  1. Meningoencephalitis
  2. Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis
  3. Infection
  4. Rabies (Hydrophobia)
  5. Poliomyelitis (Polio)
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Key Therapies for St. Louis Encephalitis

Efficacy Chart >>
  1. Anesthesia : 2 studies in 2 results
  2. Microspheres (Microsphere) : 1 result
  3. Intravenous Injections : 1 result

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