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Catatonia Summary

Description: A neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by one or more of the following essential features: immobility, mutism, negativism (active or passive refusal to follow commands), mannerisms, stereotypies, posturing, grimacing, excitement, echolalia, echopraxia, muscular rigidity, and stupor; sometimes punctuated by sudden violent outbursts, panic, or hallucinations. This condition may be associated with psychiatric illnesses (e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; MOOD DISORDERS) or organic disorders (NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME; ENCEPHALITIS, etc.). (From DSM-IV, 4th ed, 1994; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)

Also Known As: Catatonia, Malignant; Catatonia, Organic; Lethal Catatonia; Organic Catatonic Disorder; Schizophreniform Catatonia Show All >>

Networked: 632 relevant articles (61 outcomes, 43 trials/studies) for this Disease

Key Drugs and Agents for Catatonia

Efficacy Chart >>
Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to treatments:
  1. Lorazepam (Ativan) : 22 outcomes 6 studies in 96 results : FDA 71 Generic
  2. Benzodiazepines : 16 outcomes 10 studies in 88 results : IBA
  3. Antipsychotic Agents (Antipsychotics) : 8 outcomes 2 studies in 59 results : IBA
  4. Diazepam (Valium) : 4 outcomes 1 study in 9 results : FDA 84 Generic
  5. olanzapine (Zyprexa) : 3 outcomes 1 study in 15 results : FDA 13
  6. 1- Methyl- 4- phenyl- 1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) : 3 outcomes 1 study in 3 results : IBA
  7. Risperidone (Risperdal Consta) : 2 outcomes 1 study in 17 results : FDA 35 Generic
  8. Reserpine (Serpasil) : 1 outcome 2 studies in 10 results : FDA 101
  9. aripiprazole (Abilify) : 1 outcome 1 study in 11 results : FDA 4
  10. Levodopa (L Dopa) : 1 outcome 1 study in 6 results : FDA 31 Generic
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Diseases Related to Catatonia

  1. Schizophrenia (Dementia Praecox)
  2. Mood Disorders (Mood Disorder)
  3. Hallucinations (Hallucination)
  4. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
  5. Bipolar Disorder (Mania)
Show All >>

Key Therapies for Catatonia

Efficacy Chart >>
  1. Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy) : 1 outcome in 6 results
  2. Electrodes (Electrode) : 1 outcome in 2 results
  3. Tracheostomy : 1 outcome in 1 result
  4. Analgesia : 2 studies in 13 results
  5. Plasma Exchange : 1 study in 4 results
Show All >>

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